School of Record
School of Record
Education abroad programs attended by international students are often organized by independent educational organizations or program providers. However many of these organizations are not recognized by national or regional higher education accrediting commissions. To award credit for work completed off campus, most institutions require that students produce an official transcript from an accredited institution. So that their courses might be recognized by a student’s institution, non-accredited host organizations may enter into a legal contract with an accredited institution to establish what is called a School of Record relationship.
A School of Record (SOR) relationship is premised upon extending the principles and practices of quality assurance of an accredited institution over the academic operations of a non-accredited institution or provider organization. As such, a School of Record enables students to transfer academic credit easily from abroad, even when the educational program they are attending is not itself accredited by a national or regional body. For program providers, the ease of transferring credit increases enrollment and enhances both visibility and credibility. For accredited institutions serving as a School of Record and providing transcripts for academic work completed abroad, there are multiple benefits: greater access to education abroad programs, increased experience in education abroad operations, enhanced visibility of their commitment to internationalization, and new revenue streams. Students, non-accredited providers, and accredited universities all benefit from School of Record relationships.
Let Gateway be your partner in establishing and managing your School of Record relationship. At Gateway, we support educational organizations seeking to establish an SOR relationship and accredited institutions seeking to provide SOR services.
It is increasingly common for students to take courses abroad at educational institutions or independent providers that are not accredited. In doing so, and in order to earn credit toward their major or degree, students often need to transfer that coursework to their home institution. The School of Record facilitates that transfer and thus solves a simple but vexing matter in education abroad—many institutions do not recognize as credit-worthy, instruction offered at non-accredited organizations whose quality assurance practices may be unfamiliar to them. However, those institutions generally will accept as transfer or resident credit, courses transcripted by “peer” institutions, particularly in the same country as the credit-receiving institution.
Per the Forum on Education Abroad’s Guidance on School of Record Relationships for Education Abroad, “A School of Record relationship is when an accredited institution of higher learning documents and awards credit for programs or institutions that are not accredited.” As an example, if an accredited institution transcripts and awards credit to students for courses or programs taken abroad via a non-accredited educational organization, the accredited institution acts as a School of Record. Moreover, and as a consequence of awarding academic credit, it is the responsibility of the SOR to verify the academic integrity of such courses or programs and to validate their quality before awarding credit.
Educational organizations that generally require an SOR include:
SOR relationships provides benefits to all involved: the organization providing instruction to international students, the institution providing the School of Record transcript, and most importantly the student, who can more readily receive academic credit for work completed abroad.
Accredited institutions serving as a School of Record gain privileged access for their own students to high-quality programs while simultaneously exercising significant oversight over the academic integrity of those programs. By gaining access to provider organizations, along with the oversight experience that comes with it, the School of Record extends its efforts and ambitions in comprehensive internationalization.
Gateway International Group is distinguished by its expertise in international higher education and its understanding of the principles and processes that go into the creation and management of School of Record relationships. Through our team of experienced professionals, Gateway can bring expertise to all aspects of School of Record relationships such as: contractual foundations, credit equivalency, building quality assurance and academic oversight structures, establishing equitable costs and fees, impact on student financial aid, implications for institutional accreditation, and more. In short, we offer assurances of best practices in SOR management.
We understand what is needed, how to initiate new SOR relationships, how to administer existing relationships, and how to use SOR relationships more innovatively to increase student and faculty mobility, campus internationalization, and institutional effectiveness. The landscape of international education is undergoing tectonic change and, as the Covid-19 pandemic has so painfully shown, the contours of change remain wholly unpredictable. But colleges and universities can thrive in this new environment by establishing innovative, nimble and future-proof international relationships. Let Gateway be your guide in successfully navigating the School of Record relationship.
Gateway provides services that span the full spectrum of School of Record relationships.
Gateway’s School of Record services fall in two distinct categories.
Gateway will assign a team of knowledgeable professionals to each client. The team will initially review our client’s international programming and conduct a cost-benefit analysis of pursuing an SOR relationship. For organizations, our initial focus will be on assessing the impact an SOR relationship will have on student enrolment, academic offerings, and reputation. For potential SOR institutions, our initial focus will be on assessing the institution’s capacity to offer SOR transcripts. In all cases, Gateway will advise toward maximizing opportunities for international learning and engagement.
We understand that each institution is unique and has its own needs, and that is why Gateway’s services are customized for each of our clients to accommodate differences in institutional culture, size, and scope. The process is straightforward. Simply select among Gateway’s three service options to find the one that best meets the needs of your circumstances and we will propose a tailored packaged. Whatever your international engagement profile, we will become experts on your policies, procedures, and systems to offer you peace of mind regarding your future School of Record relationship.
OPTION C: Management Services
Gateway understands the financial impact the COVID-19 pandemic is having on institutions and organizations around the world and as such, prioritizes efficiency and affordability in our pricing. Our prices are flexible and tailored, generally determined on project scope and expectations. Gateway is prepared to navigate future uncertainties in higher education and be as flexible as possible in the best interests of our client partnerships.
Gateway International Group has made the commitment to allocate 3% of all revenue to support traditionally underrepresented student participation in international learning and engagement. We have designated the Fund for Education Abroad (FEA) as a recipient of funds gathered through Gateway Education Abroad. FEA is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization that provides scholarships and ongoing support to students who are underrepresented in U.S. education abroad.
Scott G. Blair, PhD, is a seasoned scholar-practitioner in the design, delivery, and assessment of experiential learning programs in education abroad. Based in Paris, his professional life spans some 30+ years as instructor, Academic Director, Director of Assessment, and consultant for US study abroad providers. He recently served as Resident Director at Boston College Paris; Director of Assessment & Sustainability at TEAN; Research & Scholarship Network Leader for the Teaching, Learning & Scholarship Knowledge Community of NAFSA; and member of the Board of Directors at NSEE (National Society for Experiential Education).
With a special focus on designing and delivering programs that foster sustainability literacy in today’s anxious students, he advocates for assessing student learning outcomes in terms of climate sustainability, biodiversity, global health, and human equity. His research on assessing experiential learning, intercultural competence, global learning, and sustainability literacy has appeared in Frontiers, Routledge, Stylus, EAIE Forum, and CAPA publications and he is a frequent speaker at NAFSA, Forum, and EAIE conferences on learning outcomes assessment and study abroad program design aligned to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
He served on the faculties of the University of New Haven, the Institut National des Sciences Politiques, the Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, and the American University of Paris. Scott Blair holds a doctorate in history from the Sorbonne, an MA in European history from Georgetown University, and a BA in English from Miami of Ohio.
‘Dimeji R. Togunde, PhD, is vice provost for global education & professor of international studies at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia, where he leads the campus internationalization and its assessment. He has over 20 years of strategic leadership experience in developing global studies curriculum, expanding access to international education, student learning outcomes, faculty development, accreditation and strategic initiatives for diversity and inclusion in global education. He directed the recently concluded and successful Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP) at Spelman College, known as Spelman Going Global! which was the centerpiece of the College’s reaccreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC). His leadership has produced reputational gains for Spelman College as a hub for global learning through several awards and recognitions that include the 2017 Senator Paul Simon award for campus internationalization; Excellence in Diversity & Inclusion in international education from Diversity Abroad in 2018; and the IIE’s Generation Study Abroad Seal of Excellence in 2019. He received his PhD in development sociology from Cornell University.
Dr. Thomas Bogenschild has worked as an international educator for more than three decades. He was trained as a cultural anthropologist at Occidental College and the University of Chicago, with additional postgraduate training in social and intellectual history, and political science at the University of California at Berkeley. He holds an A.B. and an A.M. in cultural anthropology, and a Ph.D. in Latin American Studies. He is an experienced teacher and administrator, holding senior positions in international education at a variety of institutions including Stanford, Berkeley, Princeton, Notre Dame, New Mexico, Vanderbilt, and the Naval Postgraduate School, among others.
He is an experienced consultant and reviewer, serving public and private institutions and government agencies including the U.S. Departments of Education and State. He has worked professionally on 5 continents, and sustains research interests in Latin America, Eastern and Western Europe, Central Asia, and Africa, and Australia. He is active in various professional organizations, and has served as Chair of the Public Policy Advocacy Committee for the Association of International Education Administrators (AIEA) for the past 6 years. Special interests include public policy in international education, ethical management, cultural and intercultural theory, globalization, and experiential pedagogies.
Search area expertise:
– Education Abroad
– International Partnerships & Linkages
– International Operations and Provider/Company Positions
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Fanta Aw is a distinguished leader in international education, renowned for her extensive contributions to global learning, cross-cultural understanding, and educational equity. With a deep commitment to fostering connections between diverse cultures and promoting educational excellence, she has significantly impacted the international education community.
Fanta Aw’s career has been characterized by her dedication to advancing global education initiatives, promoting diversity and inclusion, and nurturing partnerships that transcend borders. She has held influential roles in various organizations, advocating for the importance of international collaboration and learning experiences that empower individuals to navigate an increasingly interconnected world.
As a thought leader and visionary, Fanta Aw’s insights and expertise have shaped discussions on the future of international education, emphasizing the significance of equitable access, cultural exchange, and lifelong learning. Her work has not only elevated institutions but has also inspired countless individuals to embrace the transformative power of global education.
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Time: 12 noon ET
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– Global Risk Management
– Education Abroad
– Diversity, Equity, Inclusion in International Education
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Stephen Appiah-Padi is an international educator with several years of teaching and administrative experience in both 4 and 2-year HEIs. An experienced global education practitioner-scholar, with a demonstrated history of success in the field.
Dr. Appiah-Padi has a Ph.D. from the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada in Educational Policy & Administration with a specialization in International/Intercultural Education.
At Northwestern College, he provided oversight in the administration of education abroad and international student services. In Lansing, Michigan, he first oversaw diversity and intercultural education at Lansing Community College, and later created the Center for International and Intercultural Education (CIIE) which merged intercultural engagement and international education programs of the institution, and he became its first director. Additionally, Dr. Appiah-Padi taught a course, “Diversity in the American Workplace”, to undergraduate management students of the College. In his current position, he provides leadership and vision in advancing strategic internationalization initiatives, including international partnerships and study abroad programs at Bucknell University.
Dr Appiah-Padi has created and facilitated several workshops for faculty and staff development in higher education and in business organizations. He has presented at several national and international conferences. In NAFSA, among several volunteer leadership positions, he has served as Dean of the Fundamentals of Intercultural Communication Workshop, the Leadership Development Committee member, Chair of the Africa Special Interest Group, and a Fellow of the Global Fellowship Program for mentoring emerging leaders of internationalization in African HEIs. He currently serves as a member of the NAFSA Board of Directors.
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Dr. Rosa Almoguera has worked as an international educator for over twenty years. She was trained as a Hispanic Philologist at the Universidad Complutense, in Madrid, and did her M.A. at the University of Pennsylvania. Her Ph.D., from Universidad Complutense included a field study and edition of written balladry “Romancero”. During many years Rosa combined teaching and her role as a senior administrator at the Fundación Ortega-Marañón in Toledo, Spain. At the Foundation, Rosa directed and, in many cases created, programs for the University of Minnesota, Notre Dame, Princeton, Ohio State, Arcadia, and the University of Chicago. She has also been a visiting professor at the University of Minnesota, University of Portland, and Interamericana de Puerto Rico.
Beginning in 2016, Rosa works as an international education consultant for both public and private European and US higher education institutions. Rosa has been successful in developing new partnerships and programs, as well as helping improve already existing ones.
Rosa is a member of Forum and NAFSA and has presented with higher education professionals on innovative academic and research programming, STEM in study abroad and Nationalism in Europe. Rosa is currently completing the final Professional Certification from the Forum on Education Abroad.